In this final module and lesson, the focus was on the evidence related to interprofessional collaboration. The readings indicated that this is still an emerging research area, although the preliminary research seems to indicate that positive health outcomes are associated with interprofessional collaboration. A systematic review by Reeves et al. (2013) indicated that when professionals from different disciplines are provided interprofessional educational opportunities, subsequent interprofessional collaborations increase. Although the literature remains too sparse to generate an evidence-based intervention for interprofessional collaboration, frameworks are being developed. For example, the Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario has developed useful best practices guidelines.
Competency development and alignment with the CCSA competencies for the substance abuse workforce has been one of the prevailing principles in the development of this course. The alignment of these competencies with those of the Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative (CIHC) was the last consideration of this course.
You have now reached the end of the first course in the Certificate for Interprofessional Substance Use. This course was designed to build on your existing knowledge and experiences in the substance use field and to investigate issues such as stigma and interprofessional collaboration. This course also was intended to develop your skills in evidence-based decision making and evidence-based practice. This foundation will be developed further by subsequent courses. In addition, you began to identify and strengthen the competencies identified by the national group for the substance use workforce. We certainly hope that you both enjoyed the learning opportunities and feel that your competencies have grown and developed, and further that you feel strengthened in your work with the substance using population.
The next course in this certificate focuses much more in depth on the evidence basis for assessment and intervention in substance use disorders.
National Treatment Strategy Working Group. (2008). A systems approach to substance use in Canada: Recommendations for a national treatment strategy. Ottawa, ON: National Framework for Action to Reduce the Harms Associated with Alcohol and Other Drugs and Substances in Canada. Retrieved from http://www.ccsa.ca/Resource%20Library/nts-systems-approach-substance-abuse-canada-2008-en.pdf.
Reeves, S., Perrier, L., Goldman, J., Freeth, D., & Zwarenstein, M. (2013). Interprofessional education: Effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes (update). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3, DOI: 10.1002/14651858.C002213.pub3
Zwarenstein, M., & Reeves, S. (2006). Knowledge translation and interprofessional collaboration: Where the rubber of evidence-based care hits the road of teamwork. The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26, 46–54.
Zwarenstein, M., Goldman, J., & Reeves, S. (2009). Interprofessional collaboration: Effects of practice-based interventions on professional practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3, Art. No.: CD000072. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000072.pub2.